Dave and Sue Tylcoat
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South Africa. This picture © Sue Tylcoat 1999 taken at the Hoedspruit Cheetah Research Project (PO Box 1278, Hoedspruit 1380, South Africa. Tel: (015) 7931633 / 7931825) in Mpumalanga (formerly Transvaal). We stayed at "Trackers" (PO Box 21, Hoedspruit 1380. Tel: (015) 7955033) in a thatched hut, Mountain View, which we quickly re-named 'The Bug Box'. The Orpen Gate to Kruger National Park is about 50 kms drive from Trackers. Trackers makes a great place to base yourself for this part of South Africa. The food and hospitality are excellent - but a 4WD vehicle is advisable - the track leading from the 'road' is fun - especially in the dark! Kruger Park WebCam
We live in small village in North Devon called Burrington - Our house is about 350 years old and built of cob and stone, originally thatched but now with slates on the roof. Cob used to be a popular building material in this part of England. It consists of a mixture of clay, mud, stones and straw, which was built up in layers about a foot deep - each layer being allowed to dry before the next was added. Our main walls are about three feet thick giving extremely good sound and temperature insulation. See 'Cob and Thatch', Pamela Egeland, Devon Books, ISBN 0 86114-816-9. Behind our house is Holy Trinity church, the building of which was begun around 1150. Inside the church is a list of the vicars going back to 1277. It's nice here!
Talcott Arms, 1632
Will of Jonathan Tayllcoate of Saddington, Tallow Chandler, 1731
"Tailcote halfpenny", 17thC Trade Token
Isle of Skye
Cyprus 79 Commando Bty - 105mm live firing
Dave & Sue At Sue's B.Sc. graduation, Torquay, April '99
BACKGROUND TO OUR RESEARCH
The name indexes on this site (on the Home Page) are taken from our Generations genealogy program (about 2781 individuals linked in one family file) and from our Access database of miscellaneous people (about 1166 individuals with some connection to those in the family file).
We have compiled this data over the last few years. Dave was prompted to start after he received a small tree drawn around 1934 by his aunt Murielle. After numerous visits to Record Offices we now believe we have a collection of copies of ALL the available early 'Tylcoat' wills, and a lot of copies of probate inventories, marriage licenses, parish register entries and so on. It would have been impossible without the assistance of John Phythian Tylecote - who had been working independently until Dave contacted him via British Telecom. We now have information collected not only by Dave & Sue but also by John Phythian Tylecote (for about the last 10 years), by two of John's ancestors, Dr Edward Thomas Tylecote & the Rev Thomas Tylecote (between the 1860's & 1880's - and subsequently by some of their descendants), and by Sebastian Visscher Talcott (between the 1830's & 1880's). In the 1880's Sebastian Visscher Talcott (Author of "Talcott Pedigree in England and America From 1558 to 1876" Published by Weed, Parsons and Company, Albany, NY, 1876) was corresponding with Edward Ferdinando Sutton Tylecote (third son of the Rev Thomas) when they were able to compare / verify notes. Dave & John have been comparing / cross-referencing since their first contact. Just as some assumptions were made in the earlier work (some of which we have subsequently found to be containing errors, but mostly correct), so too have Dave & John made one or two 'educated guesses' - we hope these will prove to be correct.
Early English handwriting. »»
We are very fortunate to have more than a hundred 'person years' work contributing to this. We would welcome any comment or contribution, however small, and are happy to answer any enquiry. We have been very careful to try and transcribe original documents exactly as they were written (extremely time-consuming!), although, of course, there may be mistakes. Some we have from the 1500's & 1600's are almost illegible and have pieces missing. During those transcriptions we produced a small glossary of unusual words.
"If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants"
Newton in a letter to Robert Hooke, 5 February 1676, in H. W. Turnbull (ed.)
Correspondence of Isaac Newton vol. 1 (1959) p. 416]
We have found over 90 written variations of the surname to date. This is common. Often the only people who could write in the 1500's were clergy - who entered details in parish registers etc. They relied mainly on phonetics - hence the variety - from regional dialects. Sometimes there are two or three different spellings in the same document. Always there are two 'parts' to the name - Tal, Tile, Till etc, and Cote, Cot etc. Hereditary surnames were first introduced into England with the arrival of William in 1066; most were derived from the place names of their estates, either in France, or England. Only the eldest son usually inherited these early surnames. By the mid - late 12th century all children began to inherit the father's surname. At present we are struggling to get any further back than the late 1400's mainly because of the lack of surviving records. In any case, research into early manorial records is very difficult, and hence expensive! A few suggestions have been put forward as to the origin of our surname.
A couple of 'snippets'
27 April 1655, "The Jury amerce theise persons followinge for sellinge Ale and Beere contrary to the Statute in iijd a peece - .... Widowe Tylecoate ..."
2 October 1655,
"The Jurie doe amerce theise psons followeinge for sufferinge theire swine to goe
abroad in the street unyoked and unringed in vjd a peece for every swine -
.......... Margaret Tilecote 2 ........"
['The Portmote or Court Leet Records of the Borough or Town and Royal Manor of Salford from the year 1597 to the year 1669 inclusive', transcribed and edited by J.G.de T. Mandley, Chairman of the Royal Museum, Libraries and Parks Committee, Salford, Vol.I. Printed for the Chetham Society, 1902.]
All family information relating to Essex (from about 1500 - 1750), including all arms details found, has been lodged with Essex Record Office, PO Box 11, County Hall, Chelmsford, Essex, CM1 1LX, Tel: 01245 - 492211. This is available under the reference T/G 295/5-8.
All information relating to Leicestershire has been deposited at the Leicestershire Record Office, Long Street, Wigston Magna, Leicester, LE18 2AH, Tel: 0116 257 1120. This is available under the reference L 920 TYL.
We are concentrating mainly on English branches of the family and their descendants. However, we have added the first three generations of the family in America - after John Talcott went there (did he jump or was he pushed?) in 1632. We have quite a bit of information on some of the early settlers (gleaned mainly from a copy of Sebastian V. Talcott's 1876 book* which we have here) - and, of course, their English ancestry. *Reprints on acid free paper are available from the Higginson Book Co., 148 Washington St., PO Box 778, Salem, MA 01970 (508-745-7170).
For any US Talcott connections after 1632 American readers should contact David W Talcott who maintains a US Talcott database.
David can be contacted at: 566 McLean Valley Road, Owego, NY 13827-3150.
"How American Talcott And English
Tylecote & Tylcoat Families Are The Same"
Published 1998 by John Phythian Tylecote
Order through your local book shop quoting - ISBN 0 9534002 0 4
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21 April 2014
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